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 Derivative m D. n  u D. n  mu

 u D. n is the n-th derivative of u, and u`v D. n is u with an assigned n-th derivative v . For example:                                                ``` (cube D.1;cube D.2; (cube=: ^&3"0) D.3)y=: 2 3 4 +--------+--------+-----+ |12 27 48|12 18 24|6 6 6| +--------+--------+-----+ ```

The derivative applies to constant functions, polynomials, the exponential ^, the integral powers ^&n, and those assigned by u`v D. n . It also applies to functions derived from these by addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division (u+v, etc.); by the composition u@v; and by the inverse u^:_1 . Since functions such as j. and - (negation) and %: (square root) and 1&o. (sin) and 6&o. (cosh) may all be so derived, they are also in the domain of the derivative. Others are treated by approximation. The derivative of an arbitrary function may also be treated by a polynomial approximation, (provided by the matrix divide), or by approximations using the secant slope D: .

If the argument rank of u is a and the result rank is r, then the argument rank of u D.1 is also a, but its result rank is r+a : the result of u D.1 is the derivative of each atom of the result of u with respect to each element of its argument, giving what is commonly referred to as the partial derivatives. For example:
```   volume=: */"1
VOLUMES=: */\"1
(volume;volume D.1;VOLUMES;VOLUMES D.1) y
+--+------+------+------+
|24|12 8 6|2 6 24|1 3 12|
|  |      |      |0 2  8|
|  |      |      |0 0  6|
+--+------+------+------+

determinant=: -/ . *
permanent=: +/ . *
(];(determinant D.1);(permanent D.1))m=:*:i.3 3
+--------+--------------+--------------+
| 0  1  4|_201  324 _135|2249 1476 1017|
| 9 16 25| 132 _144   36| 260  144   36|
|36 49 64| _39   36   _9|  89   36    9|
+--------+--------------+--------------+
```
The adverbs D=: 1 : 'u"0 D.1' and VD=: 1 : 'u"1 D.1' assign ranks to their arguments, then take the first derivative; they are convenient for use in scalar and vector calculus:
```   sin=: 1&o.
x=: 0.5p1 _0.25p1
(*/\ VD y);(sin x);(sin D x);(sin D D x)
+------+-----------+----------+-----------+
|1 3 12|1 _0.707107|0 0.707107|_1 0.707107|
|0 2  8|           |          |           |
|0 0  6|           |          |           |
+------+-----------+----------+-----------+

```

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